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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Supreme Court of the United States

United States [us]

Charles H Baron

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 13 April 2021

Constitutional interpretation — Separation of powers — Judicial review — Constitutional courts/supreme courts — Judicial decisions

General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.
Managing Editor: Ana Harvey

1. The Supreme Court of the United States came into existence with ratification of the Constitution in 1789. Art. III, the Judiciary Art., provides that ‘the judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.’ Prior to adoption of the Constitution, there were no national courts; only state courts that had assumed the business of the preexisting colonial courts (judicial systems in federal systems). Although the Constitution establishes the federal...
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