1. The Supreme Court of the United States came into existence with ratification of the Constitution in 1789. Art. III, the Judiciary Art., provides that ‘the judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.’ Prior to adoption of the Constitution, there were no national courts; only state courts that had assumed the business of the preexisting colonial courts (judicial systems in federal systems). Although the Constitution establishes the federal...
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