1. Magna Carta is the name of a document originally issued by King John of England (1199–1216), also known by his nickname John Lackland, on 15 June 1215 at Runnymede near London in which he committed himself and his successors to using the royal powers in the manner specifically defined in the Carta in order to end a rebellion by the barons of England against his rule. The rebellion was triggered by the military setbacks King John suffered in France in an attempt to defend his territories against King Philipp II of France, forcing him to exploit his royal...
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