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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Mizrahi Bank Case (Isr)

Israel [il]

Suzie Navot

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 18 September 2019

Supremacy — Form and substance of constitution — Legitimacy — Rule of law — Unwritten constitutions — Judicial review — Preliminary procedures of constitutional courts/supreme courts — Judicial power

Published under the direction of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law.
General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 Israel has no single official document known as ‘the Constitution’, and for nearly half a century, its legal structure was based on the principle of parliamentary sovereignty . In fact though, since the 1990s, Israel may be considered a constitutional democracy. The supreme norms are expressed in its basic laws; the powers of the legislature are limited and laws are subject to judicial review . This situation is the result of the enactment of two basic laws dealing with human rights in 1992 and of a judicial decision of monumental significance in 1995, the...
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