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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Supreme Court of Japan (Saikô saibansho)

Japan [jp]

Hans-Peter Marutschke

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 24 June 2021

Judicial review — Constitutional courts/supreme courts

General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.
Managing Editor: Ana Harvey

1. Japans efforts to establish a modern legal system after full power had been restored with the emperor Meiji (Meiji-Tennô) in 1869 (Beasley) were dominated by the necessity to create a system compatible with those existing in the western countries (Auslin). Essential for achieving this goal was not only to create new, unified law in substance, but also with respect to procedure, which was only possible after the feudal structures of the Shogunate and diversified rules in the Domains of the Daimyô were abolished. The new government made this important step in...
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