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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental Rights

James R May, Erin Daly

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 19 April 2021

Environmental rights — Universalism

General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.
Managing Editor: Ana Harvey

1. Environmental rights are a primary facet of ‘environmental constitutionalism’ which entails the adoption or amendment of constitutional texts so as to advance rights to environmental entitlement, stewardship, duties, commodities, information, and process (May and Daly (2015)). Environmental constitutionalism represents a turn toward rights-based approaches to environmental protection. Boyd reports that as of 2012, the constitutions of 147 of the 193 members of the United Nations address environmental matters in some form, a number that continues to advance with...
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