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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Secret Ballot

Grzegorz Kuca

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved.date: 26 June 2022

Secret ballot — Referenda — Right to vote

General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.
Managing Editor: Ana Harvey

1 Secret ballot (also known as Australian ballot) is one of the voting methods by which voters make their choice in elections or referendums (direct democracy) on an anonymous basis. The secret ballot is one of the basic principles of electoral law referring solely to the right to vote and including this phase of the electoral process, which is called the act of voting. Its essence as well as major advantage is the establishment of guarantees of a voting organization that ensures nobody except for the voter knows their electoral decision. Secrecy of voting is an...
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