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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Military Courts

P Sean Morris

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved.date: 23 January 2022

Subject(s):
Military courts

General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.
Managing Editor: Ana Harvey

1 At its basic level, a military court or tribunal is a wartime court or adjudicatory body with the authority to decide offences relating to war or of a military nature, as provided for in legislative acts, constitutions, or a corpus of military laws. A military tribunal can also operate during peacetime for other forms of military offences. The terms ‘military tribunals’ and ‘military courts’ are used interchangeably for the purpose of the discussion here. The corpus of military laws generally refers to legislations concerning the main branches of the armed...
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