1 Identity is a ‘polysemic concept’ (Toniatti 62), one that can be explored within and by many different social sciences (Appiah; Fukuyama; Lawler; Parekh; Gutman; Tajfel; Madell). This entry explores the concept of identity from the perspective of comparative constitutional law and constitutional theory. However, when the investigation of the concept of ‘identity’ is limited to the public law realm, it is usually considered an ‘essentially contested concept’ (Levinson; Rosenfeld (2010), both referring to WB Gallie’s notion). In fact, the ‘scope and meaning [of...
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