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The United Republic of Tanzania: Introductory Note

Alphonce Paul Mbuya
Edited By: Institute for International and Comparative Law in Africa

© 2019 Oxford University Press

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 18 September 2019

The United Republic of Tanzania, often shortened to ‘Tanzania’, came into being as a result of the union between the former states of Tanganyika and Zanzibar which took place on 26 April 1964. The two states have distinct legal histories. In pre-colonial Tanganyika the legal system was based on community customs and practices which were enforced by elders or clan leaders whose powers were determined by community members. The elders and clan leaders were entrusted with civic as well as spiritual duties. Some of their functions included ensuring peace, performing...
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