American Indian nations predate the formation of the United States. These nations governed themselves in accordance with their own customary laws and governance structures. For example, the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) nations of New York State and southern Ontario established a confederacy under a written constitution known as Gayanashagowa, the Great Law of Peace. Similarly, the Great Lakes Anishinaabek (Ottawa, Potawatomi, and Ojibwe) formed the Three Fires Confederacy, and banded together to conduct foreign relations with other tribal groups and, eventually,...
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