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Part I History, Ch.4 The Gilded Age through the Progressive Era

Ken I. Kersch

From: The Oxford Handbook of the U.S. Constitution

Edited By: Mark Tushnet, Sanford Levinson, Mark A. Graber

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 27 January 2021

The era from the end of Reconstruction (1877) to the First World War was a seminal period in which the United States grappled with fundamental questions about the relationship of the country’s eighteenth-century Constitution to a rapidly and radically transforming country. A shift was underway from a rural, agrarian “proprietary-competitive” order in which individuals worked mostly for themselves or small businesses to an industrialized, interconnected, and bureaucratized “corporate-administrative” order in which power was large-scale, remote, and depersonalized,...
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