Article III relates to the legislature. We start our examination of this article with the knowledge that state legislatures are not dependent on enumerated powers in the way Congress is limited by Article I, Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution. So, for state legislatures, we look not for authorization but, rather, for limitations and exceptions.1 We find some of those in Article III, particularly several requirements for legislative action and some limitations on authority to enact certain types of laws. Other exceptions are spread throughout the Constitution,...
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