Contemporary experiences of integrating Sharīʿah in the legal body of nation-states took place in such a way that we can talk about disruption of the economy and the epistemology of Islamic normativity. Its overall balance, its fundamentals, and its morphology—or what we might call its grammar—have been transformed completely. This is true at a substantial level, where applicable norms are largely formulated through codification. This is also true at an institutional level, with the establishment of constitutional architectures dedicated to the separation of...
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