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Part 2 What Basis for Statehood: Religion or Citizenship?, 2.6 The Caliphate State: A Basis of Modern Statehood?

Siraj Khan

From: Constitutionalism, Human Rights, and Islam after the Arab Spring

Rainer Grote, Tilmann J. Röder

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved.date: 18 August 2022

Revolution and reform are two terms that can facilely be applied to the origins of Islam, as well as to the continuous progression of Islamic leadership from the time of the Prophet Muḥammad until the present age. Islam as a religion and faith movement, intending to continue and revert humankind to the Abrahamic tradition of worshiping one God, was born out of a revolutionary instant in which the Angel Gabriel appeared to Muḥammad, instructing him to recite or read the divinely revealed revelation from God, an instruction that was largely at odds with a society...
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