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From: Constitutionalism, Human Rights, and Islam after the Arab Spring

Rainer Grote, Tilmann J. Röder

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 29 November 2021

Since the end of 2010, popular protests, revolts, and revolutions have shaken North Africa and the Middle East. The so-called Arab Spring, which had been triggered by the desperate self-immolation of the Tunisian street vendor Muḥammad Būʿazīzī, turned into a historical opportunity for fundamental political and constitutional change. Massive uprisings erupted in Egypt, Libya, Syria, Tunisia, and Yemen, while major protests broke out in Algeria, Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, and Sudan, and minor protests occurred in Djibouti, Mauritania, Oman, Saudi...
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