Part 4 The Fragile Basis of Democracy and Development, 4.1 The Anatomy of the Arab Spring (2011–2015)
M. Cherif Bassiouni
Rainer Grote, Tilmann J. Röder
In the Book of Ecclesiastes, it is recounted that “to everything there is a season”, noting that in every season there is “a time to break down, and a time to build up”.1 The same may be said of the “Arab Spring”, which was a season for breaking down repressive governments and attempting to build up new systems to realize the long-repressed needs and desires of the peoples of the Arab-Muslim states, namely: freedom, justice, and dignity.2 These were the themes heard throughout the Arab world. Implicit in them was democracy, but understood as a means to achieve...