This chapter gives background to the reader regarding the creation of the Colombian Constitution of 1991 and the Colombian Constitutional Court. It covers the history of judicial review in Colombia before 1991, the debates regarding the creation of the Constitutional Court at the 1991 Constitutional Convention, and the core features of the 1991 Colombian Constitution. It also explains the organization and powers of the Court, its dominant theory of interpretation, and the evolving judicial role in the Colombian political and social context. The information in this chapter is essential for the reader to understand core concepts and context for the cases explored in the rest of the volume.
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