Hungary was one of the first and most thorough political transitions after 1989, which provided all the institutional elements of constitutionalism: checks and balances and guaranteed fundamental rights. Hungary also represents the first, and probably the model case, of constitutional backsliding from a full-fledged liberal democratic system to an illiberal one with strong authoritarian elements. The current Hungarian constitutional system was made possible by FIDESZ’s anti-pluralist nationalist populism. To achieve this aim the populist government misuses the...
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