Liberal Democracies are now in crisis. Whether one terms the occurrence “democratic decay,”1 “constitutional rot,”2 “democratic decline,”3 “Democratic Backsliding,”4 “constitutional capture,”5 or “constitutional retrogression,”6 each carrying different nuances, what seems to be clear—and bearing in mind the methodological and conceptual difficulties of defining and measuring democratic backsliding7—is that constitutional democracies around the world are facing major challenges. While some argue that “the gloomy discourse on democracy dominating today is...
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