S, Stanton, Edwin M.
Edited By: Kermit L. Hall, James W. Ely Jr., Joel B. Grossman
Edited By: Kermit L. Hall
Stanton, Edwin M.
(b. Steubenville, Ohio, 19 Dec. 1814; d. Washington, D.C., 24 Dec. 1869), nominee for associate justice. Before the Civil War, Stanton enjoyed a successful legal practice in Ohio, Pittsburgh, and Washington, D.C. He served energetically as secretary of war from 1862 through 1868. Alienated from President Andrew Johnson and his *Reconstruction policies, Stanton refused to submit his resignation when Johnson demanded it. He resigned only when the Senate failed to convict Johnson in *impeachment proceedings. Despite declining health, Stanton accepted President Ulysses S. Grant’s nomination to the Supreme Court on 20 December 1869. The Senate, where Stanton was popular, confirmed him on the same day, but he died four days later, before he could take his seat.
William M. Wiecek