This chapter examines the place and role of the executive within India’s constitutional scheme. It begins with an overview of the office of the President of India and the Governor that heads each State, before turning to a discussion of the council of ministers, the role of the Prime Minister and the chief ministers, and their terms of office. It then considers the principal offices that comprise the executive, along with their appointments, powers, and functions, and the relationship between the formal and real heads of the executive. It also outlines the powers and functions of the executive and the range of discretionary powers vested in the President and Governors, as well as their effect, if any, on parliamentary credentials.
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