9 Evolution and Gestalt of the Hungarian State
Edited By: Sabino Cassese, Armin von Bogdandy, Peter Huber
This chapter examines the history of state, administration, and administrative law in Hungary. It argues that the development of the Hungarian state, as well as its administration and administrative law, was not organic. Deep ruptures divides this history into three epochs: the bourgeois phase (1867–1949), the socialist phase (1949–1989), and the phase of deconstructing the socialist system until the beginning of Europeanization (1989 until the end of the 1990s). Each epoch brought about a change of paradigm, and each epoch resulted in fundamental changes. Yet, despite periods of radical change, there were times of uninterrupted tradition as well, as the chapter shows.