This chapter argues that the state of South Sudan is, to some extent, the result of an unrealised quest by the South Sudanese for a constitution establishing a federal system and a government committed to constitutionalism. This failure is attributable to the lack of will by the political elites to adopt a constitution establishing a federal system. They also lacked the necessary commitment to constitutionalism in the few instances where political deals among them were translated into a constitution providing for a federation or a federal-type arrangement. Moreover, the culture of political infighting, defection, and betrayal among the southern political and armed groups has made it extremely difficult to negotiate a deal towards the implementation of some form of a federal political system.
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