Part III Post-Authoritarian Reform: Ruptures, Conflict, and Managed Transitions, Conclusion: Security Sector Reform and Constitutional Transitions: Challenging the Consensus
Zoltan Barany, Sujit Choudhry, Kent Roach
Edited By: Zoltan Barany, Sumit Bisarya, Sujit Choudhry, Richard Stacey
This concluding chapter argues that because security sector reform (SSR) is an indispensable part of a larger process of democratization, SSR in principle can have an important constitutional dimension. Indeed, underlying and uniting the involvement of a broad variety of international and domestic actors is a consensus about how SSR is related to the larger process of constitutional transitions towards democratic rule. On substance, the consensus holds that SSR must extract the security sector out of politics and put civil–military relations on a democratic footing. The consensus also holds that in the process for the peaceful transfer of power from authoritarian to democratic rule, the military should stay in its barracks and not participate in the ensuing constitutional transition, except to cede control to new civilian authorities. However, as the case studies in this volume illustrate, the relationship between SSR and constitutional transitions is much more complex than the consensus suggests.