Part I Military Dictatorships, 1 Security Sector Reform in Post-Franco Spain
Edited By: Zoltan Barany, Sumit Bisarya, Sujit Choudhry, Richard Stacey
This chapter discusses the security sector reform (SSR) in post-Franco Spain. Halfway through 1976, Adolfo Suárez was appointed as President of the Government, who would be responsible for proposing and implementing the political reform that led to the democratic transition. The transition under Suárez had the benefit of two very specific characteristics, which were relevant to the arguments against military interventionism in the initial phases of the transition. The first was that democratic reform started from within institutions of the Franco regime. The second characteristic was the consensus reached at three key points in the transition: (1) the Moncloa covenants in 1977, which addressed everything from the economic policy addressing the crisis at that time to aspects of military justice reform; (2) the creation of the Constitution by an authority that represented the parliamentary spectrum and nationalist Catalan party in 1978; and (3) the approval in 1979 of the Basque and Catalan Autonomy Statutes.