This chapter examines the process of security sector reform (SSR) in Chile. The democratic transition and SSR occurred in parallel in Chile: both were slow and methodical and have gradually reintroduced accountability and civilian oversight into a security service that was, for the seventeen years of the Junta, above the Constitution. Overall, the present-day success of civilian oversight of the security sector in Chile has much to do with how long the process of reform took, and with the concessions made to the former military leadership throughout the transition. The price for this long, slow, and ultimately successful transition, however, is the lack of, or at least significant delay in securing, justice for the crimes committed by the Chile's former military rulers.
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