Part II Police States, 5 Police Impunity in Kenya
Edited By: Zoltan Barany, Sumit Bisarya, Sujit Choudhry, Richard Stacey
This chapter focuses on security sector reform (SSR) in Kenya. Kenya’s struggle to contain abuse by the police force is set against the background of high crime rates and security threats from terrorist networks active in East Africa. The imperative to maintain an effective and capable police service, defence force, and intelligence service, sometimes at the expense of transparency, accountability, and legality, is strong. The chapter then considers police misconduct in Kenya and seeks to explain why SSR during the 2010 constitutional transition and in institutional changes since have been ineffective in moving beyond the long-standing problem of police abuse in Kenya. It also looks at reform and institutional structures in Kenya's military, suggesting how differences in the two security services may account for the lack of abuse and misconduct in the military.