Part II Police States, 6 Constitutional Reform and Security Sector Reform in Ghana
Ernest Lartey, Kwesi Aning
Edited By: Zoltan Barany, Sumit Bisarya, Sujit Choudhry, Richard Stacey
This chapter assesses security sector reform (SSR) in Ghana. Even though democracy was reinstituted in Ghana in 1992, efforts to reform the security sector had begun earlier in the 1980s when SSR was piloted under the Provisional National Defence Council (PNDC) military regime. Under that regime, significant progress was made to instill military discipline in the barracks and maintain stability in the country, but that achievement was not accompanied by oversight on the part of the civilian public. Therefore, the legitimacy and genuineness of the SSRs was left in doubt, not least in the perspective of some segments of the military itself and also from the point of view of the political opposition parties and civil society groups. Significantly, the accompanied restructuring of the intelligence sector seemed to have added some gains in military reform, leading to greater disposition towards the rule of law.