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Table of Legislation

Edited By: Charles M Fombad, Nico Steytler

From: Corruption and Constitutionalism in Africa

Edited By: Charles M. Fombad, Nico Steytler

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved.date: 26 November 2022

(p. xvii) Algeria

Benin

  • Constitution 1991 42

Botswana

Cameroon

  • Constitution 1996 460

  • Decree No. 2005/187 of 13 May 2005 421

  • Decree No. 2006/088 of 11 March 2006 421

  • Decree No. 2012/223 of 15 May 2012 Relating to the Administrative Organisation of the Special Criminal Court (2012 Decree) 425–26

  • Decree No. 2013/131 of 3 May 2013 to Establish the Organisation, Functioning of the Specialised Corps of Judicial Police Officers of the Special Criminal Court (2013 Decree)

  • Decree No. 2013/287 of 4 September 2013 Related to the Organisation of the Supreme State Audit Office Ordinance No. 001/PM of 4 January 2000 421–22

  • Decree No. 2013/288 of 4 September 2013 Fixing Modalities for the Restitution of the corpus delicti (Restitution Law) 427

  • Law No. 2012/011 of 16 July to amend and supplement certain provisions of Law No. 2011/28 of 14 December 2011 to set up a special Criminal Court (2012 SCC Law)

  • Penal Code 419, 426

Democratic Republic of the Congo

  • Code of Criminal Procedure of 1959 296

  • Constitution 1964

  • Constitution (18 February 2006) 292, 310

  • Constitution of Transition (4 April 2003)

  • Decree-Law No. 017/2002 Laying Down the Code of Conduct of State Public Employees (3 October 2002)

  • Decree No. 116/2002 on the Institution, Competences and Composition of Commission for the Fight against Corruption, Fraud, Smuggling, and Currency and Trademarks Counterfeiting (29 August 2002) 301–2

  • Decree No. 08/20 Determining the Organisation and Functioning of the Financial Intelligence National Agency (‘CENAREF’) (24 September 2008) 302

  • Decree No. 08/21 Establishing the Consultative Committee on the Fight against Money-Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism (COLUB) (24 September 2008)

  • Decree No. 08/22 Establishing the Fund for the Struggle against Organised Crime (FOLUCCO) (24 September 2008)

  • Decree No. 09/12 Determining the List of Public Enterprises Transformed into Commercial Companies, Public Establishments and Public Services (24 April 2009)

  • Decree No. 10/21 on the Creation, the Organisation and the Functioning of the Regulation Authority of Public Markets (ARMP) (2 June 2010)

  • Decree No. 011/26 Laying down the Obligation to Publish any Contract Relating to Natural Resources (20 May 2011)

  • Decree No. 16/020 Determining the Status of a Public Establishment Named Observatory for Monitoring Corruption and Professional Ethics (‘OSCEP’) (16 July 2016)

  • Finance Law No. 014/027 for the Year 2015 (31 December 2014)

  • Finance Law No. 2017/05 for the Year 2017 (23 June December 2017)

  • Finance Law No. 17/014 for the Year 2018 (24 December 2017)

  • Financial Amendment Law No. 16/006 for the Exercise 2016 (29 June 2016)

  • Law No. 71-008 Amending the Constitution of 24 June 1967 (31 December 1971)

  • Law No. 73/009 on Trade (5 January 1973)

    • arts 1–3 299

  • Law No. 73-017 Modifying and Complementing the Decree of 30 January 1940 Laying Down the Penal Code (5 January 1973) 294

  • Law No. 78-002 Relating to General Provisions Applicable to Public Enterprises as Modified and Complemented to Now (6 January 1978)

    • arts 1–4 299

  • Law No. 002/2001 Relating to the Creation, Organisation and Functioning of Trade Tribunals (3 July 2001) 299–300

  • Law No. 004/2002 Laying Down the Investments Code (21 February 2002) 299–300

  • Law No. 007/2002 Relating to the Mining Code as Modified and Complemented by Law No. 18/001 of 9 March 2018 (11 July 2002) 289, 294, 299–300(p. xix)

  • Law No. 011/2002 Laying Down the Forest Code (29 August 2002) 299–300

  • Law No. 015/2002 Laying Down the Labour Code (16 October 2002) 299–300

  • Law No. 04/016 on the Fight against Money Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism (19 July 2004)

  • Law No. 05/006 Modifying and Complementing the Decree of 30 January 1940 Laying Down the Penal Code (29 March 2005) 295

  • Law No. 08/005 Relating to the Public Financing of Political Parties (10 June 2008)

  • Law No. 08/007 Laying Down General Provisions on the Transformation of Public Enterprises (7 July 2008) 300

  • Law No. 08/008 Laying Down General Provisions on the State Disengagement from Public Companies (7 July 2008) 300

    • preamble, paras 1–7 298

  • Law No. 08/009 Laying Down General Provisions Applicable to Public Establishments (7 July 2008) 300

  • Law No.08/010 Determining the Rules on the Organisation and the Management of State Companies (7 July 2008) 300

  • Law No. 08/012 Laying down Fundamental Principles on the Free Administration of Provinces (31 July 2008)

  • Law No. 10/001 Relating to the Budget of the State for the Year 2010 (15 January 2010)

  • Law No. 10/010 on Public Markets (27 April 2010) 302

  • Law No. 11/011 Relating to Public Finances (13 July 2011)

  • Law No. 14/011 Relating to the Sector of Electricity (17 June 2014)

  • Law No. 15/005 Laying Down the Code of Insurances (17 March 2015)

  • Law No. 15/026 on Water (31 December 2015)

  • Law No. 16/029 of 8 November 2016 293–94

  • Ordinance-Law No. 66/343 Ensuring to the Democratic Republic of the Congo the Totality of Property Rights on its Domain and Full Sovereignty in the Concession of Land, Forest and Mining Rights All Over its Territory (7 June 1966)

  • Ordinance-Law No. 66/460 Establishing the Company of Distribution of Water and Electricity of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (25 August 1966)

  • Ordinance-Law No. 67/240 Giving the Monopoly of Insurances to the National Society of Insurances (2 June 1967)

  • Ordinance-Law No. 87/005 Determining the Composition, the Organisation and the Functioning of the Accounts Court (6 February 1987)

  • Ordinance-Law No. 87/005 Relating to the Procedure before the Accounts Court (22 July 1987)

  • Ordinance No. 87/323 Establishing the General Inspection of Finances (15 September 1987)

    • art 1(3) 301

    • art 2 301(p. xx)

  • Ordinance-Law No. 73-010 Modifying and Complementing the Decree of 30 January 1940 Laying Down the Penal Code (14 February 1973) 294

  • Ordinance Law No. 73/292 Determining the Amount of the Deposit Provided for by Article 3 of the Law No. 73/009 of 5 January 1973 on Trade (26 September 1973) 299

  • Ordinance-Law No. 74/019 on the Transfer to the State of the Property of Some Private Companies (11 January 1974)

  • Ordinance-Law No. 90/046 on the Regulation of Small Trade (8 August 1990)

  • Ordinance No. 07/065 Modifying and Complementing the Decree No. 05/160 of 18 November 2005 on the Creation, Organisation and Functioning of the National Committee for the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (EITI-DRC) (3 September 2007)

    • arts 1–3 303

  • Ordinance No. 09/097 Modifying and Complementing the Ordinance No. 87/323 of 15 September 1987 Establishing the General Inspection of Finances (IGF) as Modified and Complemented by the Decree No. 04/018 of 19 February 2004 (8 December 2009)

  • Ordinance No. 16/065 Laying Down the Organisation and Functioning of the Services of the Head of State’s Special Adviser on Good Governance and the Fight against Corruption and Money-Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism (14 July 2016)

  • Organic Law No. 06/020 Laying down the Status of Magistrates (10 October 2006)

    • art 47(1)–(3) 297

  • Organic Law No. 13/010 Relating to the Procedure before the Court of Cassation (19 February 2013)

  • Organic Law No. 10/013 of 28 July 2010 Laying Down the Organisation and Functioning of the Independent National Electoral Commission, as Modified and Complemented by the Organic Law No. 13/02 (19 April 2013) 296

  • Organic Law No.13/026 on the Organisation and Functioning of the Constitutional Court (15 October 2013) 296

    • art 77 296

    • arts 100–109 296

  • Organic Law No. 16/027 Laying Down the Organisation, Competence and Functioning of Jurisdictions of the Administrative Order (15 October 2016)

  • Penal Code of 30 January 1940 294

  • Penal Code (amended 2005)

    • art 147 bis 295

    • art 149 295

    • art 149 bis (2) 295

    • art 149 bis (3) 295

Egypt

  • Constitution

    • Arts 103–111 115

    • Art 218 115

  • Law 89/1998 118

  • Law 80/2002 118

  • Law 106/2013 118

  • Witness and Whistle-blower Protection Law 2011 132

Ethiopia

  • Anti-Terrorism Proclamation 652/2009 182, 183

  • Auditor General Proclamation 68/1997 180

  • Charities and Societies Proclamation 621/2009 (Societies Proclamation) 183

    • art 2(2)–2(4) 183

    • art 14(5) 183

  • Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia 1995 (Constitution 1995) 169, 170

  • Corruption Crimes Proclamation 881/2015 174–75

  • Criminal Code of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Proclamation 414/2004 174–75

  • Disclosure and Registration of Assets Proclamation 668/2010

  • Federal Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission Establishment Proclamation 433/2005 176

  • Federal Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission Establishment (Amendment) Proclamation 883(2015) (Revised Anti-Corruption Commission Proclamation) 176

  • Freedom of the Mass Media and Access to Information Proclamation 590/2008 182

  • Ombudsman Establishment Proclamation 211/2000 (Ombudsman Proclamation) 172–73

  • Penal Code of 1957 174–75

  • Proclamation to Provide for the Establishment of the Attorney-General of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia 943/2016 (Attorney-General Proclamation) 177

  • Proclamation to Provide for Special Procedure and Rules of Evidence on Anti-Corruption 434/2005 (Revised) 175–76

Gambia

Ghana

  • Anti-Money Laundering Act 749 of 2008 200

  • Audit Service Act 584 of 2000 199

  • Commission of Enquiry Act 250 of 1964 194

  • Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice Act 456 of 1993 198

  • Constitution 1969

    • art 2(3)(3) 41

    • art 2(3)(4) 41

  • Constitution of the Republic of Ghana 1992 (Constitution 1992) 196–97, 198, 460

  • Corrupt Practices (Prevention) Act 230 of 1964 194

  • Criminal Offences Act 29 of 1960 200, 207

    • s 239 200(p. xxii)

  • Economic and Organized Crime Act 804 of 2010 198–99

  • Financial Administration Act 654 2003 199

  • Financial Administration (Amendment) Act 760 2008 199

  • Internal Audit Agency Act 658 2003 199

  • Investigation and Forfeiture of Assets Decree, 1966 (NLCD 72) 194

  • Office of the Special Prosecutor Act 959 of 2017 205

  • Public Office Holders (Declaration of Assets and Disqualification) Act 550 of 1998 196–97

  • Public Procurement Act 663 2003 199

  • Transitional Provisions of the Constitution of Ghana 1992

    • ss 34–37 195

  • Whistleblowers Act 720 of 2006 199

Kenya

Malawi

Morroco

Namibia

  • Constitution

    • art 32(3)(d) 371

    • art 32(9) 371

  • Prisons Act (Namibia), Act 17 of 1998

Nigeria

  • Central Bank of Nigeria Act 2007 399

  • Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 139, 140–41, 145, 146, 365–66

  • Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (First Alteration) Act 2010 144–45

  • Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (Fourth Alteration, No. 4) Act 2017 156, 162

  • Corrupt Practices (And Other Related Offences) Act 2000 141–42, 150

  • Customs, Excise Tariff, Etc. Consolidation Act 4 of 1995

  • Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) (Establishment) Act 2004 141–42

  • Fiscal Responsibility Act 2007 142

  • FOI Act 2011 153

  • Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (NEITI) Act 2007 142, 153

    • s 6 153(p. xxiv)

  • Nigerian Financial Intelligence Unit Act 2018

  • Petroleum Act 1969 148

  • Petroleum Products Pricing Regulatory Agency (Establishment) Act 2003

  • Police Act

  • Public Procurement Act 2007 142

Somalia

  • Anti-Money Laundering and Countering the Financing of Terrorism Act 2015 277

  • Somali Provisional Federal Constitution

South Africa

  • Constitution of the Republic of South Africa Act 200 of 1993 82

  • Constitution of the Republic of South Africa 1996 85

  • Independent Commission for the Remuneration of Public Office Bearers Act 92 of 1997 393

  • Local Government: Municipal Structures Act 32 of 2000 79–80

  • Money Bills Amendment Procedure and Related Matters Act 9 of 2009 389–90

  • National Prosecuting Authority Act 32 of 1998

  • Prevention and Combating of Corrupt Activities Act 12 of 2004 (Corrupt Activities Act) 75

  • Prevention of Organized Crimes Act 121 of 1998 (POCA) 323, 330

  • Promotion of Access to Information Act 2 of 2000 460

  • Promotion of Administrative Justice Act 3 of 2000 43

  • Public Audit Act 25 of 2004 396

  • Public Finance Management Act 1 of 1999 394

  • Revenue Authority Act, 1995

  • Revenue Service Act 34 of 1997

  • Social Assistance Act 59 of 1992 93–94

  • South African Police Service Act 68 of 1995 75

  • South African Reserve Bank Act 90 of 1989 398–99

Tunisia

  • Constitution 2014

  • Decree-Law No. 2011-1, 9 February 2011 347

  • Decree-Law No. 2011-13, 14 March 2011 347

  • Organic Law No. 2013-53, 24 December 2013, Establishing and Organising Transitional Justice (JORT 31 December 2013) 326

  • Organic Law No. 53-2014 on Transitional Justice 349–50

  • Organic Law No. 17-62, 27 on Reconciliation in the Public Sector (JORT 24.10.2017, No. 85, 3625) October 2017 348–49, 351

Uganda

  • Constitution

    • art 121(1) 367

Zambia

Zimbabwe

  • Anti-Corruption Commission Act 13 of 2004, ch 9:22 237

  • Constitution of Zimbabwe Amendment 16, Act 5 of 2000 243

  • Constitution of Zimbabwe Amendment 29, Act 2009

  • Constitution 2013 (Amendment 20 of 2013) 9, 44, 236, 246

  • Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Act 23 of 2004, ch 9:23 237

  • Criminal Procedure and Evidence Act 2 of 2016, ch 9:07 237

  • Official Secrets Act 249

  • Prevention of Corruption Act 27 of 2004, ch 9:16 237

Treaties and Conventions