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Part IV Architecture, Ch.29 Presidentialism

Héctor Fix-Fierro, Pedro Salazar-Ugarte

From: The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Constitutional Law

Edited By: Michel Rosenfeld, András Sajó

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 27 September 2020

A presidential system is a form of government in a republican state. From this perspective, it is an alternative to monarchy. However, its historical origins and theoretical background are found in monarchical government. The idea that one and the same person holds the offices of head of state and head of government is akin to both presidential systems and traditional monarchies. Whenever these two roles are separated, the foundations are laid for either a constitutional monarchy or a parliamentary government. Thus, presidentialism as a form of government was born...
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