Constitutions are ideological texts.1 Like any other document, they reflect the moment when they were drafted, the values of their authors, and the purposes they are to serve. To this last end, they thus reflect the type of society for which they are designed, and the anticipated role of the state in that society. Liberal democracies of various stripes require different kinds of constitutional texts than do social democracies of various stripes, though clearly there will be many common features in constitutional texts of whatever stripe. Liberal constitutions such...
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