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Part IX Trends, Ch.62 Islam and the Constitutional Order

Chibli Mallat

From: The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Constitutional Law

Edited By: Michel Rosenfeld, András Sajó

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 13 August 2020

With nominal Muslims second in the world in number to nominal Christians,1 Islam matters as a constant mirroring image of the West in recorded history, originally across the Mediterranean, and now increasingly worldwide. In the words of French historian Lucien Febvre, Islam ‘created’ Europe by splitting what was until then a united Mediterranean world. Building on a remark by his colleague Marc Bloch about ‘the birth of Europe when the Roman Empire died’, Febvre showed how the rise of Europe could not be understood without the irremediable ‘loss’ of half of the...
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