Article XII—Militia deals with the armed forces of Illinois, the state militia. With the rise of the National Guard as an arm of the federal military force, the state forces have become less important. However, the convention decided to emphasize the independence of Illinois within the federal system by retaining a separate, modernized militia article. Indeed, the emotional issues involved in the Vietnam War then at its peak would have made it politically dangerous to eliminate the article. Even the advocates of a short constitution found their ideological purity...
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