Although considered by the 1851 constitutional convention,1 the constitutional responsibility to provide a public school system first appeared in the 1864 Maryland Constitution. Md. Const. (1864), Art. VIII. The 1864 constitution required the establishment of a “uniform system of free public schools” to be administered by a state superintendent of schools with broad authority to improve the quality of education throughout the state.2 That “uniform” system did not last long, however. When the 1867 constitutional convention convened, it was with the express intent...
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