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Part Two The Hawaii Constitution and Commentary, Art.XV State Boundaries; Capital; Flag; Language and Motto

Anne Feder Lee

From: The Hawaii State Constitution

Anne Lee Feder

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 22 September 2021

In 1978, two new sections, one making Hawaiian and English official languages (Section 4) and one incorporating the state motto (Section 5), were added to this article. They, and a change to Section 1, reflect the convention’s desire to pay respect to the state’s Hawaiian heritage. Formerly Article XIII, it was renumbered in 1978 to Article XV. Though none did so in 1978, delegates to earlier conventions had introduced proposals giving constitutional status to symbols such as a state flower, seal, colors, song, and bird; none was approved because of an apparent...
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