The legislative power of the State of Michigan is vested in a senate and a house of representatives. Since Michigan’s first constitution, the power to make laws has been vested in a bicameral legislature. The legislative power, simply put, is the “law-making power of a sovereign state” (Decher v. Secretary of State, 1920). State legislative power is plenary within the state’s territorial limits, except to the extent state power has been delegated to the federal government or voluntarily restrained by the people of the state through the state constitution (In re...
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