Each organized county shall be a body corporate with powers and immunities provided by law. Mention of counties first appeared in the Constitution of 1850. Section 1 is simply a revision of the language of Article VIII, section 1 of the 1908 Constitution. Counties, along with cities, townships, and villages, are geographic areas organized as subunits of the state government. They facilitate local government. Counties in Michigan can only exercise the powers granted to them under the state constitution or by state statute (Alan v. Wayne County, 1972; Mosier v....
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