The several counties of this State are hereby recognized as legal subdivisions of the State. Section 1 states the fundamental principle that counties are subdivisions of the state. As a constitutional statement, it originated with the 1876 Constitution, but counties have been political subdivisions of Texas government since the time of independence from Mexico. Placement of section 1 in the article on municipal corporations inevitably raises the question of whether counties are municipal corporations. Although in some cases they have been called municipal...
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