The Legislative power of this State shall be vested in a Senate and House of Representatives, which together shall be styled “The Legislature of the State of Texas.” The Texas legislature has been the first of the three branches (departments) of government described in all the Texas constitutions. This symbolizes the central place of the legislature in Texas’s governmental system. Because the legislature possesses plenary power—that is, all powers not prohibited by the Texas Constitution or the U.S. Constitution (or other valid federal laws)—the Texas Constitution...
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