A general diffusion of knowledge being essential to the preservation of the liberties and rights of the people, it shall be the duty of the Legislature of the State to establish and make suitable provision for the support and maintenance of an efficient system of public free schools. Section 1 directs the legislature to provide for “an efficient system of public free schools.” Similar language was used in the statehood charter and carried forward until 1869. The Reconstruction Constitution required “a system of public free schools for the gratuitous instruction of...
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