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Oxford Law Citator
Part One The History of the Texas Constitution
The History and Development of the Texas Constitution
Early Texas: Spain and Mexico (1519–1836)
Constitution of the Republic of Texas (1836–1845)
Statehood Constitution (1845–1861)
Constitution of 1861 (1861–1865)
Constitution of 1866 (1866–1867)
Constitution of 1869 (1869–1876)
Constitution of 1876, the Current Constitution
Revision and Amendments: 1876–1899
Revision and Amendments: 1900–1929
Revision and Amendments: 1930–1959
Revision and Amendments: 1960–1995
Summary of Amendments
Part Two The Texas Constitution and Commentary
Art.I Bill of Rights
The Bill of rights
s.1 Freedom and Sovereignty of State.
s.2 Inherent Political Power; Republican Form of Government.
s.3 Equal Rights.
s.3a Equality Under the Law.
s.4 Religious Tests.
s.5 Witnesses not Disqualified by Religious Beliefs; Oaths and Affirmations.
s.6 Freedom of Worship.
s.7 Appropriations for Sectarian Purposes.
s.8 Freedom of Speech and Press; Libel.
s.9 Searches and Seizures.
s.10 Rights of Accused in Criminal Prosecutions.
Right to speedy trial.
Right to a public trial.
Right to an impartial jury.
Right to notice.
The right against self-incrimination.
Right to counsel.
Rights to confrontation and compulsory process.
Right to indictment by a grand jury.
s.11a Multiple Convictions; Denial of Bail.
s.12 Habeas Corpus.
s.13 Excessive Bail or Fines; Cruel and Unusual Punishment; Remedy by Due Course of Law.
Freedom from excessive bail.
Freedom from excessive fines.
Freedom from cruel or unusual punishment.
Due course of law.
s.14 Double Jeopardy.
s.15 Right of Trial by Jury.
s.15-a Commitment of Persons of Unsound Mind.
s.16 Bills of Attainder; Ex Post Facto or Retroactive Laws; Impairing Obligation of Contracts.
s.17 Taking, Damaging, or Destroying Property for Public Use; Special Privileges and Immunities; Control of Privileges and Franchises.
s.18 Imprisonment for Debt.
s.19 Deprivation of Life, Liberty, Etc.; Due Course of Law.
s.20 Outlawry or Transportation for Offense.
s.21 Corruption of Blood; Forfeiture; Suicides.
s.23 Right to Keep and Bear Arms.
s.24 Military Subordinate to Civil Authority.
s.25 Quartering Soldiers in Houses.
s.26 Perpetuities and Monopolies; Primogeniture or Entailments.
Primogeniture and Entailment.
s.27 Right of Assembly; Petition for Redress of Grievances.
s.28 Suspension of Laws.
s.29 Provisions of Bill of Rights Excepted From Powers of Government; to Forever Remain Inviolate.
s.30 Rights of Crime Victims.
A Note on the Right of Privacy
Art.II The Powers of Government
s.1 Division of Powers; Three Separate Departments; Exercise of Power Properly Attached to Other Departments.
Art.III Legislative Department
s.1 Senate and House of Representatives.
s.2 Membership of Senate and House of Representatives.
s.3 Election and Term of Office of Senators.
s.4 Election and Term of Members of House of Representatives.
s.5 Meetings; Order of Business.
s.6 Qualifications of Senators.
s.7 Qualifications of Representatives.
s.8 Each House Judge of Qualifications and Election; Contests.
s.9 President Pro Tempore of Senate; Lieutenant Governor Office Vacancy; Speaker of House of Representatives.
s.10 Quorum; Adjournments From Day to Day; Compelling Attendance.
s.11 Rules of Procedure; Expulsion of Member.
s.12 Journals of Proceedings; Entering Yeas and Nays.
s.13 Vacancies; Writs of Election.
s.14 Privileged From Arrest.
s.15 Disrespectful or Disorderly Conduct; Obstruction of Proceedings.
s.16 Open Sessions.
s.18 Ineligibility for Other Offices; Interest in Contracts.
s.19 Ineligibility of Persons Holding Other Offices.
s.20 Collectors of Taxes; Persons Entrusted With Public Money; Ineligibility.
s.21 Words Spoken in Debate.
s.22 Disclosure of Private Interest in Measure or Bill; Not to Vote.
s.23 Removal From District or County From Which Elected.
s.23a John Tarleton Contract Validated.
s.24 Compensation and Expenses of Members of Legislature; Duration of Sessions.
s.24a Texas Ethics Commission.
s.25 Senatorial Districts.
s.26 Apportionment of Members of House of Representatives.
s.26a Counties With More Than Seven Representatives.
s.28 Time for Apportionment; Apportionment by Legislative Redistricting Board.
s.29 Enacting Clause of Laws.
s.30 Laws Passed by Bill; Amendments Changing Purpose.
s.31 Origination in Either House; Amendment.
s.32 Reading on Three Several Days; Suspension of Rule.
s.33 Revenue Bills.
s.34 Defeated Bills and Resolutions.
s.35 Subjects and Titles of Bills.
s.36 Revival or Amendment by Reference; Reenactment and Publication at Length.
s.37 Reference to Committee and Report.
s.38 Signing Bills and Joint Resolutions; Entry on Journals.
s.39 Time of Taking Effect of Laws; Emergencies; Entry on Journal.
s.40 Special Sessions; Subjects of Legislation; Duration.
s.41 Elections by Senate and House of Representatives.
Requirements and Limitations
s.43 Revision of Laws.
s.44 Compensation of Public Officers, Servants, Agents, and Contractors; Extra Compensation; Unauthorized Claims; Unauthorized Employment.
s.45 Change of Venue in Civil and Criminal Cases.
s.47 Lotteries and Gift Enterprises; Bingo Games.
s.48-d Rural Fire Prevention Districts.
s.48-e Emergency Services Districts.
s.48-e Jail Districts.
s.49 State Debts.
s.49a Financial Statement and Estimate by Comptroller of Public Accounts; Limitation of Appropriations; Bonds.
s.49-b Veterans’ Land Board; Bond Issue; Veterans’ Land Fund; Purchase of Lands and Resale to Texas Veterans.
s.49-b-1 Bonds Issued to Augment Veterans’ Land Fund and for Veterans’ Housing Assistance Fund; Appropriation When Money in Either Fund not Available.
s.49-b-2 Bonds to Augment Veterans’ Land Fund and Veterans’ Housing Assistance Fund, to Fund the Veterans’ Housing Assistance Fund II, and to Provide Financial Assistance to Veterans of the State.
s.49-c Texas Water Development Board; Bond Issue; Texas Water Development Fund.
s.49-d Acquisition and Development of Water Storage Facilities; Filtration, Treatment, and Transportation of Water; Enlargement of Reservoirs.
s.49-d-1 Additional Texas Water Development Bonds.
s.49-d-2 Additional Bonding Authority of Texas Water Development Board; Dedicated Use of Some Proceeds.
s.49-d-3 Creation and Use of Special Funds for Water Projects.
s.49-d-4 Bond Insurance Program for Water Projects.
s.49-d-5 Extension of Benefits to Nonprofit Water Supply Corporations.
s.49-d-6 Additional Texas Water Development Bonds; Use of Bonds; Review and Approval.
s.49-d-7 Additional Texas Water Development Bonds; Use of Bonds and Proceeds; Review and Approval.
s.49-e Texas Park Development Fund.
s.49-f Bonds to Fund Financial Assistance to Purchase Farm and Ranch Land.
s.49-g Superconducting Super Collider Fund.
s.49-g Economic Stabilization Fund.
s.49-h Bond Issues for Facilities of Correctional Institutions, Statewide Law Enforcement Facilities, and Mental Health and Mental Retardation Institutions.
s.49-i Texas Agricultural Fund.
s.50 Loan or Pledge of Credit of State.
s.50a State Medical Education Board; State Medical Education Fund; Purpose.
s.50b Student Loans.
s.50B-l Additional Student Loans.
s.50b-2 Additional Student Loans.
s.50b-3 Additional Student Loans.
s.50c Farm and Ranch Loans.
s.50-d Agricultural Water Conservation Bonds.
s.50-e Guarantee of Texas Grain Warehouse Self-Insurance Fund.
s.51 Grants of Public Money Prohibited; Exceptions.
s.51-a Assistance Grants and Medical Care for Needy Aged, Disabled, and Blind Persons and Needy Children; Federal Funds.
s.51-a-1 Assistance to Local Fire Departments.
s.51-c Aid or Compensation to Persons Improperly Fined or Imprisoned.
s.51-d Payment of Assistance to Survivors of Law Enforcement and Other Officers.
s.51g Social Security Coverage of Proprietary Employees of Political Subdivisions.
s.52 Counties, Cities or Other Political Corporations or Subdivisions; Lending Credit; Grants; Bonds.
s.52-a Loan or Grant of Public Money for Economic Development.
s.52-b Loan of State’s Credit or Grant of Public Money for Toll Road Purposes; Exception.
s.52d County or Road District Tax for Road Purposes.
s.52e Payment of Medical Expenses of Law Enforcement Officials.
s.52e Dallas County Bond Issues for Roads and Turnpikes.
s.52-f Private Road Work by Certain Counties.
s.53 County or Municipal Authorities; Extra Compensation; Unauthorized Claims.
s.54 Liens on Railroad; Release, Alienation, or Change.
s.55 Release or Extinguishment of Indebtedness to State, County, Subdivision, or Municipal Corporation.
s.56 Local and Special Laws.
s.57 Notice of Intention to Apply for Local or Special Laws.
s.58 Seat of Government.
s.59 Workmen’s Compensation Insurance for State Employees.
s.60 Workmen’s Compensation Insurance for Employees of Counties and Other Political Sub-Divisions.
s.61 Workmen’s Compensation Insurance for Municipal Employees.
s.61 Minimum Salaries.
s.62 Continuity of State and Local Governmental Operations; Suspension of Constitutional Procedural Rules.
s.63 Consolidation of Governmental Functions of Political Subdivisions in Counties of 1,200,000 or More.
s.64 Consolidation of Governmental Offices and Functions.
s.65 Public Bonds; Interest Rate; Conflicting Rates Repealed; Veterans’ Land Board Bonds.
Art.IV Executive Department
s.1 Officers Constituting The Executive Department.
s.2 Election of Officers of Executive Department.
s.3 Returns of Election; Declaration of Election; Tie Votes; Contests.
s.3a Death, Disability, or Failure to Qualify of Person Receiving Highest Vote.
s.4 Installation of Governor; Term; Eligibility.
s.5 Compensation of Governor.
s.6 Holding Other Offices; Practice of Profession; Other Salary, Reward, or Compensation.
s.7 Commander-in-Chief of Military Forces; Calling Forth Militia.
s.8 Convening Legislature on Extraordinary Occasions.
s.9 Governors Message and Recommendations; Accounting for Public Money; Estimates of Money Required.
s.10 Execution of Laws; Conduct of Business With Other States and United States.
s.11 Board of Pardons and Paroles; Parole Laws; Reprieves, Commutations, and Pardons; Remission of Fines and Forfeitures.
s.11a Suspension of Sentence and Probation.
s.11b Criminal Justice Agencies.
s.12 Vacancies in State or District Offices.
s.13 Residence of Governor.
s.14 Approval or Disapproval of Bills; Return and Reconsideration; Failure to Return; Disapproval of Items of Appropriation.
s.15 Approval or Disapproval of Orders, Resolutions, or Votes.
s.16 Lieutenant Governor.
s.17 Death, Resignation, Refusal to Serve, Removal, Inability to Serve, Impeachment, or Absence; Compensation.
s.18 Restrictions and Inhibitions.
s.19 Seal of State.
s.21 Secretary of State.
s.22 Attorney General.
s.23 Comptroller of Public Accounts; Treasurer; Commissioner of General Land Office; Elected Statutory State Officers; Term; Salary; Fees, Costs and Perquisites.
s.24 Accounts and Reports; Information to, and Inspection by, Governor; Perjury.
s.25 Custodians of Public Funds; Breaches of Trust and Duty.
s.26 Notaries Public.
Art.V Judicial Department
s.1 Judicial Power; Courts in which Vested.
s.1-a Retirement, Censure, Removal, and Compensation of Justices and Judges; State Commission on Judicial Conduct; Procedure.
s.2 Supreme Court; Justices; Sections; Eligibility; Election; Vacancies.
s.3 Jurisdiction of Supreme Court; Writs; Clerk.
s.3a Sessions of Court.
s.3-b Appeal from Order Granting or Denying Injunction.
s.3-c Jurisdiction to Answer Questions of State Law Certified from Federal Appellate Court.
s.4 Court of Criminal Appeals; Judges.
s.5 Jurisdiction of Court of Criminal Appeals; Terms of Court; Clerk.
s.6 Courts of Appeals; Terms of Justices; Clerks.
s.7 Judicial Districts; District Judges; Terms or Sessions; Absence, Disability, or Disqualification of Judge.
s.7a Judicial Districts Board; Reapportionment of Judicial Districts.
s.8 Jurisdiction of District Court.
s.9 Clerk of District Court.
s.10 Trial by Jury.
s.11 Disqualification of Judges; Exchange of Districts; Holding Court for other Judges.
s.12 Judges to be Conservators of the Peace; Indictments and Information.
s.13 Number of Grand and Petit Jurors; Number Concurring.
s.15 County Court; County Judge.
s.16 County Courts; Jurisdiction; Disqualification of Judge.
s.17 Terms of County Court; Prosecutions; Juries.
s.18 Division of Counties Into Precincts; Election of Constable and Justice of the Peace; County Commissioners and County Commissioners Court; Change in Precinct Boundaries.
s.19 Justices of the Peace; Jurisdiction; Ex Officio Notaries Public.
s.20 County Clerk.
s.21 County Attorneys; District Attorneys.
s.24 Removal of County Officers.
s.26 Criminal Cases; Appeal by State.
s.27 Transfer of Cases Pending at Adoption of Constitution.
s.28 Vacancies in Judicial Offices.
s.29 County Court; Terms of Court; Probate Business; Commencement of Prosecutions; Jury.
s.30 Judges of Courts of County-Wide Jurisdiction; Criminal District Attorneys.
s.31 Court Administration and Rule-Making Authority.
s.1 Classes of Persons not Allowed to Vote.
s.2 Qualified Elector; Registration; Absentee Voting.
s.2a Voting for Presidential and Vice-Presidential Electors and Statewide Offices; Qualified Persons Except for Residence Requirements.
s.3 Municipal Elections; Qualifications of Voters.
s.3a Bond Issues; Loans of Credit; Expenditures; Assumption of Debts; Qualifications of Voters.
s.4 Elections by Ballot; Numbering, Fraud, and Purity of Elections; Registration of Voters.
s.5 Privilege of Voters from Arrest.
The Public Free Schools
s.1 Support and Maintenance of System of Public Free Schools.
s.2 Perpetual School Fund.
s.2A Release of Claim to Certain Lands and Minerals.
s.3 Taxes for Benefit of Schools; School Districts.
s.3-b Independent School Districts and Junior College Districts; Taxes and Bonds; Changes in Boundaries.
s.4 Sale of Lands; Investment of Proceeds.
s.4A Public Free School Fund Lands Held Fifty Years Under Color of Title; Application for Patent; Conditions; Excluded Land.
s.5 Permanent School Fund; Available School Fund; Use of Funds; Distribution of Available School Fund.
s.6 County School Lands; Proceeds of Sales; Investment; Available School Fund.
s.6a County Agricultural or Grazing School Land Subject to Tax.
s.6b Reduction of County Permanent School Fund; Distribution.
s.8 State Board of Education.
s.9 Lands for Benefit of Asylums; Permanent Fund; Sale And Investment of Proceeds.
s.10 Establishment of University; Agricultural and Mechanical Department.
s.11 Permanent University Fund; Investment; Alternate Sections of Railroad Grant.
s.11a Investment of Permanent University Fund.
s.11b Permanent University Fund; Authorized Investments.
s.12 Sale of Lands.
s.13 Agricultural and Mechanical College.
s.14 Prairie View A&M University.
s.15 Grant of Additional Lands to University.
s.16 Terms of Office.
s.16 County Taxation of University Lands.
s.17 Colleges and Universities; Appropriations and Funding.
s.18 Texas A&M University System; University of Texas System; Bonds or Notes Payable From Income of Available University Fund.
Art.VIII Taxation and Revenue
s.1 Equality and Uniformity; Tax in Proportion to Value; Taxation of Tangible and Intangible Property; Occupation Taxes; Income Tax; Exemption of Household Goods.
s.1-a No State ad Valorem Tax Levy; County Levy for Roads and Flood Control; Tax Donations.
s.1-b Residence Homestead Exemption.
s.1-b-1 References to County Education Districts.
s.1-c Effectiveness of Resolution.
s.1-d Assessment of Lands Designated for Agricultural Use.
s.1-d-1 Taxation of Certain Open-Space Land.
s.1-e Abolition of ad Valorem Taxes; Previous Receipts.
s.1-f Cultural, Historical, or Natural History Preservation; Ad Valorem Tax Relief.
s.1-g Development or Redevelopment of Property; Ad Valorem Tax Relief and Issuance of Bonds and Notes.
s.1-h Validation of Assessment Ratio.
s.1-i Mobile Marine Drilling Equipment; Ad Valorem Tax Relief.
s.1-j Certain Tangible Personal Property Exempt from Ad Valorem Taxation.
s.1-k Nonprofit Corporations Supplying Water or Providing Wastewater Services; Exemption of Property from ad Valorem Taxation.
s.1-l Property Used for Control of Air, Water, or Land Pollution; Exemption from ad Valorem Taxation.
s.2 Occupation Taxes; Equality and Uniformity; Exemptions from Taxation.
s.3 General Laws; Public Purposes.
s.4 Surrender or Suspension of Taxing Power.
s.5 Railroad Property; Liability to Municipal Taxation.
s.6 Withdrawal of Money from Treasury; Duration of Appropriation.
s.7 Borrowing, Withholding, or Diverting Special Funds.
s.7-a Revenues from Motor Vehicle Registration Fees and Taxes on Motor Fuels and Lubricants; Purposes for which Used.
s.7-b Revenues from Federal Reimbursement; Purposes for which Used.
s.8 Railroad Companies; Assessment and Collection of Taxes.
s.9 Maximum State Tax; County, City, and Town Levies; County Funds; Local Road Laws.
s.10 Release from Payment of Taxes.
s.11 Place of Assessment; Value of Property not Rendered by Owner.
s.13 Sales of Lands and other Property for Taxes; Redemption.
s.14 Assessor and Collector of Taxes.
s.15 Lien of Assessment; Seizure and Sale of Property.
s.16 Assessor and Collector of Taxes; Counties Having 10,000 or More Inhabitants.
s.16a Assessor-Collector of Taxes; Counties Having Less than 10,000 Inhabitants.
s.17 Specification of Subjects not Limitation of Legislature’s Power.
s.18 Equalization of Valuations; Single Appraisal.
s.19 Farm Products, Livestock, Poultry, and Family Supplies; Exemption.
s.19a Implements of Husbandry; Exemption.
s.20 Fair Cash Market Value not to be Exceeded; Discounts for Advance Payment.
s.21 Increase in Total Property Taxes; Notice and Hearing; Calculation.
s.22 Restriction on Appropriations.
s.23 Appraisal of Property; Enforcement of Standards.
s.24 Personal Income Tax; Dedication of Proceeds.
s.1 Creation of Counties.
s.1-A Counties Bordering on Gulf of Mexico or Tide-Water Limits Thereof; Regulation of Motor Vehicles on Beaches.
s.2 Removal of County Seats.
Home Rule Charters
s.4 County-Wide Hospital Districts.
s.5 City of Amarillo; Wichita County; Jefferson County; Creation and Funding of Hospital Districts.
s.6 Lamar County Hospital District; Abolition; Transfer of Assets.
s.7 Hidalgo County Hospital District; Creation; Tax Rate.
s.8 County Commissioners Precinct No. 4 of Comanche County; Hospital District; Creation; Tax Rate.
s.9 Hospital Districts; Creation, Operation, Powers, Duties and Dissolution.
s.9A Hospital Districts; Regulation of Health Care Services.
s.9B Hospital Districts in Counties with Population of 75,000 or Less.
s.11 Hospital Districts; Ochiltree, Castro, Hansford, and Hopkins Counties; Creation; Taxes.
s.12 Airport Authorities.
s.13 Participation of Municipalities and other Political Subdivisions in Establishment of Mental Health, Mental Retardation, or Public Health Services.
s.2 Public Highways; Common Carriers; Regulation of Tariffs, Correction of Abuses, and Prevention of Discrimination and Extortion; Means and Agencies.
s.3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Art.XI Municipal Corporations
s.1 Counties as Legal Subdivisions.
s.2 Jails, Court-Houses, Bridges, and Roads.
s.3 Subscriptions to Corporate Capital; Donations; Loan of Credit.
s.4 Cities and Towns with Population of 5,000 or Less; Chartered by General Law; Taxes; Fines, Forfeitures, and Penalties.
s.5 Cities of more than 5,000 Population; Adoption or Amendment of Charters; Taxes; Debt Restrictions.
s.6 Taxes to pay Interest and Create Sinking Fund to Satisfy Indebtedness.
s.7 Counties and Cities on Gulf of Mexico; Tax for Sea Walls, Breakwaters, and Sanitation; Bonds; Condemnation of Right of Way.
s.8 Donation of Portion of Public Domain to Aid in Construction of Sea Walls or Breakwaters.
s.9 Property Exempt from Forced Sale and from Taxation.
s.11 Maximum Four-Year Terms of Office for Elective and Appointive City Officials Authorized; Vacancies.
s.12 Expenditures for Relocation or Replacement of Sanitation Sewer or Water Laterals on Private Property.
s.13 Classification of Municipal Functions.
Art.XII Private Corporations
s.1 Creation by General Laws.
s.2 General Laws to be Enacted; Protection of Public and Stockholders.
s.3, 4, 5
Art.XIII Spanish and Mexican Land Titles
Art.XIV Public Lands and Land Office
s.1 General Land Office.
s.2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
s.1 Power of Impeachment.
s.2 Trial of Impeachment of Certain Officers by Senate.
s.3 Oath or Affirmation of Senators; Concurrence of Two-Thirds Required.
s.4 Judgment; Indictment, Trial, and Punishment.
s.5 Suspension Pending Impeachment; Provisional Appointments.
s.6 Judges of District Court; Removal by Supreme Court.
s.7 Removal of Officers when Mode not Provided in Constitution.
s.8 Removal of Judges by Governor on Address of Two-Thirds of each House of Legislature.
s.9 Removal by Governor with Advice and Consent of Senate.
Art.XVI General Provisions
s.1 Official Oath.
s.2 Exclusions from Office, Jury Service and Right of Suffrage; Protection of Right of Suffrage.
s.5 Disqualification to Hold Office by Giving or Offering Bribe.
s.6 Appropriations for Private Purposes; State Participation in Programs Financed with Private or Federal Funds for Rehabilitation of Blind, Crippled, or Physically or Mentally Handicapped Persons.
s.8 County Poor House and Farm.
s.9 Forfeiture of Residence by Absence on Public Business.
s.10 Deductions from Salary for Neglect of Duty.
s.11 Usury; Rate of Interest in Absence of Legislation.
s.12 Members of Congress; Officers of United States or Foreign Power; Ineligibility to Hold Office.
s.14 Civil Officers; Residence; Location of Offices.
s.15 Separate and Community Property.
s.16 Corporations with Banking and Discounting Privileges.
s.17 Officers to Serve until Successors Qualified.
s.18 Existing Rights of Property and of Action; Rights or Actions not Revived.
s.19 Qualifications of Jurors.
s.20 Mixed Alcoholic Beverages; Intoxicating Liquors; Regulation; Local Option.
s.21 Public Printing and Binding; Repairs and Furnishings; Contracts.
s.22 Fence Laws.
s.23 Regulation of Live Stock; Protection of Stock Raisers; Inspections; Brands.
s.24 Roads and Bridges.
s.25 Drawbacks and Rebatement to Carriers, Shippers, Merchants, etc.
s.26 Homicide; Liability in Damages.
s.27 Vacancies Filled for Unexpired Term.
s.28 Garnishment of Wages.
s.30 Duration of Offices; Railroad Commission.
s.30a Members of Boards; Terms of Office.
s.30b Civil Service Offices; Duration.
s.31 Practitioners of Medicine.
s.33 Salary or Compensation Payments to Persons Holding More Than One Office.
s.34, 35, 36
s.37 Liens of Mechanics, Artisans, and Material Men.
s.39 Appropriations for Historical Memorials.
s.40 Holding more than One Office; Exceptions; Right to Vote.
s.41 Bribery and Acceptance of Bribes.
s.43 Exemptions from Public Duty or Service.
s.44 County Treasurer and County Surveyor.
s.47 Conscientious Scruples as to Bearing Arms.
s.48 Existing Laws to Continue in Force.
s.49 Protection of Personal Property from Forced Sale.
s.50 Homestead; Protection from Forced Sale; Mortgages, Trust Deeds, and Liens.
s.51 Amount of Homestead; Uses.
s.52 Descent and Distribution of Homestead; Restrictions on Partition.
s.53 Process and Writs not Executed or Returned at Adoption of Constitution.
s.56 Appropriations for Development and Dissemination of Information Concerning Texas Resources.
s.59 Conservation and Development of Natural Resources; Conservation and Reclamation Districts.
s.61 Compensation of District, County, and Precinct Officers; Salary or Fee Basis; Disposition of Fees.
s.64 Terms of Office, Certain Offices.
s.65 Transition from Two-Year to Four-Year Terms of Office.
s.65A Fort Bend County District Attorney.
s.66 Texas Rangers; Retirement and Disability Pension System for Rangers Ineligible for Membership in Employees Retirement System.
s.67 State and Local Retirement Systems.
s.68 Associations of Agricultural Producers; Assessments on Product Sales to Finance Programs of Marketing, Promotion, Research, and Education.
s.69 Prior Approval of Expenditure or Emergency Transfer of Appropriated Funds.
s.70 Texas Growth Fund.
s.71 Texas Product Development and Small Business Incubator Funds; Bonds.
Art.XVII Mode of Amending the Constitution of this State
s.1 Proposed Amendments; Publication; Submission to Voters; Adoption.
s.2 Constitutional Revision Commission; Constitutional Convention.
Table of Cases
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Table of Cases
The Texas State Constitution
Janice C. May
US Constitutional Law [USC]
Oxford Commentaries on the State Constitutions of the United States
Published in print:
15 April 2011