In American constitutional theory, there is no inherent right of local self-government: Local government units are creatures of the state. Ironically some of these “creatures”—the counties, towns, and cities—had been in existence for almost a century in New York when the first state constitution, in 1777, recognized them as the only units of local government.393 Two articles of the current state constitution primarily concern local government: Article VIII (Local Finances) and Article IX (Local Governments). Thirteen other articles include one or more sections...
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