The threat posed to the environment by commercial and industrial development, now an issue of international concern, was recognized by New Yorkers in the nineteenth century. With the insertion of the Adirondack Forest Preserve into the 1894 constitution, New York became the first state to provide constitutional protection for a major land reserve. Previous environment-specific provisions found in state constitutions had generally focused on access to navigable waters and tidelands.481 Initial efforts to protect the Adirondack forest were led by naturalist...
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