Article III establishes the principle of a separation of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of state government. It looks forward to the next three articles, which deal separately with each of these branches, but also harkens back to the first two articles, to the extent that the doctrine of separation of powers is a limitation on government and hence an enhancement of individual freedoms. Indeed, the Massachusetts Constitution voiced this principle at the end of its Declaration of Rights (Art. XXX). Although the principle was thus...
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