A bedrock principle of constitutionalism is that those who make the law must be subject to an overriding set of laws, so that to avoid either absolutism or anarchy, a clear understanding exists as to who may make the laws, how the laws are to be made, and what sorts of laws are permissible. Article IV of the Maine Constitution sets forth the laws governing the lawmakers. It vests the lawmaking power in the legislative department, which comprises a house of representatives and a senate. It provides for methods of choosing the members of these bodies, structures...
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