All elections by the people shall be by ballot. This section takes its language verbatim from the 1869 Constitution (Art. VII, sec. 1). It requires that all public elections, whether primary or general, follow formal ballot procedures. Interestingly, election officials often used this self-explanatory provision as a literacy test for white citizens. Every inhabitant of this state, except idiots and insane persons, who is a citizen of the United States of America, eighteen (18) years old and upward, who has been a resident of this state for one (1) year, and for...
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