Each county of the state, now or hereafter organized, shall be a body politic and corporate. This section derives from a territorial-era statute (see Haupt v. Maricopa County) and establishes counties as “political subdivisions of the state created to aid in the administration of the state’s laws and for the purpose of local self-government” (Hunt v. Mohave County). Counties are distinguished from municipal corporations subject to Article XIII. The latter are “voluntary corporations organized … [by local residents for] special and local purposes … independent of...
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