This article reflects the substantial presence at the constitutional convention of advocates for the rights of the working class, or labor. The Supreme Court has described the “prohibitions, mandates and abjurations” of this article as designed “to protect the rights of the laboring class from the evils which over the preceding century had eroded rights believed necessary to do justice between workmen and their employers” (Kilpatrick v. Superior Court). Two sections of this article—5 and 6—go beyond this scope, and apply to tort actions generally. Eight hours and...
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