The core of this article is its guarantees of individual rights, a number of which bear some resemblance to those in the Bill of Rights of the federal Constitution. At the time the Arizona Constitution was drafted in 1910, the U.S. Supreme Court had enforced only one of the federal Bill of Rights guarantees against state governments—the Fifth Amendment’s protection against taking private property without just compensation (Chicago B. & Q. R.R. v. Chicago). Thus the framers of the Arizona Constitution assumed (as some delegates made clear in convention floor...
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