This part was perhaps the most prominent feature of the constitution as originally drafted. It contains the initiative and the referendum, two of the three processes of direct democracy (the third being the recall, found in Article VIII, part 1) that were the hallmarks of the progressive movement.41 The Arizona Supreme Court has called it a “notorious fact that the choice of delegates to the constitutional convention was fought out primarily on” whether candidates favored including the initiative and referendum (Whitman v. Moore). It was thus a foregone conclusion...
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